Part 1

Bible Accounts About Egypt

(An English Translation from a Filipino article of  “Awake!” – November 2010 issue)

The Bible was written for 1600 years. This account of history and prophecies is connected with the seven world powers: Egypt, Syria, Babylonia, Medo-Persia, Greece, Rome and Anglo-American. Each of one will be discussed in one series of seven articles. Why? It is to show that the Bible originates from God and trustworthy, and the message of this is a hope that the suffering causes by man’s cruel domination will end.  


Egypt is well-known with its pyramids and Nile River, the first world power in the historical accounts of the Bible. Under its ruling, Israel was formed. Moses, who wrote the first five books of the Bible, was born and taught in Egypt. Is the secular history and archeology proven true his writings about that ancient nation? Let us see some example.

                   Accurate Historical Accounts

         Titles and terminologies. It is common to see in giving details – traditions, good manners, names and title of officials, and others – if the report of the history is right. Are the reports of Genesis and Exodus (the first-two books in the Bible) were right? In the accounts of Genesis about Joseph who is the son of a patriarch Jacob, and also the accounts of the Bible in Exodus, J. Garrow Duncan said in his book New Light on Hebrew Origins: “He [writer of the first two-Bible] is very well-known with the language, traditions, beliefs, good manners, and customs in the palace and ruling in Egypt.” He added: “He [the writer] used of right title which uses before and he uses it on how it is used before. … In fact, in the Old Testament, the use of Pharaoh in different ages of time is the very strong evidence that these writers have more knowledge about Egypt and reliable. Duncan also said: “When reporting of it he [the writer] has more knowledge about facing the Pharaoh, he gives correct details about customs in palace and he uses right language.”

Making bricks. When Israelites were slaves to Egypt, they are making bricks from mud which mixed with straw to make it strong. (Exodus 1:14; 5:6 – 18) Few years later, the book Ancient Egyptian Materials and Industries, says: There are only few places [which make brick], and the most in number is in Egypt. Here they dried the bricks in the sun like they used to do before. This is the common material which used in building in [Egypt]. The book also states about “the used of Egyptians of straw in making bricks,” which supports the additional details reported in the Bible.   

Shearing. Hebrew men have facial hair during ancient time. However, the Bible says that Joseph shove before he stand in front of Pharaoh. (Genesis 41:14). Why did he shave? It is to follow the tradition and good manners of the Egyptians. It is unclean for the Egyptians to have beard and mustache. “They [the Egyptians] are proud of the smooth shave of themselves,” says by the book Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt. In fact, there were seen blades, pullers, and mirrors, including its holder casing in the burial place. Clearly, Moses is a meticulous writer. It is the same with the other writers of the Bible who reported events about the ancient Egypt.  

         Commercialism. Jeremiah, who wrote two books of Kings have given specific details about trading of horses and chariots of King Solomon with the Egyptians and Hittites. One chariot has a value of 600 pieces of silver and horse for 150 or one fourths of price of one chariot, the Bible says. – 1 Kings 10:29.

According to the book Archaeology and the Religion of Israel, the Greek historian Herodotus and the discoveries of the archeologists have proven both the progressive selling of horse and chariots during the time of kingship of Solomon. In fact, “it designates the exchange of four horses . . . for one chariot of an Egyptian,” the book says. It is in conformity with the details in the Bible.

         Waging in War. Jeremiah and Ezra have told the attack of Pharaoh Shishak in Judah. They specifically told that it happens in the fifth year reigning of King Rehoboam [Judean] or in 993 B.C.E. (1 Kings 14:25 – 28; 2 Chronicles 12:1 – 12) In the course of long time, it is only in the Bible which can be read that account of attack. Afterwards, a relic was discovered in a wall of a temple in Karnak (early Thebes) in Egypt.

It can be seen in the relic the image of Shishak which standing before the god Amon. Shishak was helding up his hand and seems to hurt the captives. It is also recorded there the names of besieged city in the Israel, and many of it were stated in the Bible. And it is also told in the document the “Field of Abram” – the first assertion in the report of Egyptians with the patriarch of the Bible who is Abraham. – Genesis 25:7 – 10.

Clearly, the writers of the Bible had not written a fiction. Since they know that they will be accountable with God, they wrote what is true including those events which are not good – like the success of Shishak against Judah. That honesty is the reverse of exaggerated and beautified stories of early Egyptians scribes who did not record any events that will destroy the image of the rulers and the nation itself.        


Reliable Prophecies

         Jehovah God, the author of the Bible, the only one who can give prophecies which will not have fault. For example, notice what he had said when Jeremiah prophesied about the two cities in Egypt – the Memphis and Thebes. The Memphis, or Nop was a well-known center of commercials, politics, and religion. But God said: Memphis will be made a desert, a ruin where no one lives.” (Jeremiah 46:19, TEV) And that happened. According to the book In the Steps of Moses the Law-giver, Arabians rob the big collapse of Memphis and they stolen the stones of it. The book also added that today, “you will not see even one pointed stone over the black land . . .  of the ancient city.”

That was also happened in Thebes, called before as No-amon or No, including its gods without power. With regards to this place which is the old capital of Egypt and the first center of worship of the god Amon, Jehovah said: I am going to punish Amon, the god of Thebes, together with Egypt and its gods and kings … and hand them over to those who want to kill them, to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia.” (Jeremiah 46:25, 26, TEV) Like what is prophesied, the king of Babylonia defeated Egypt and its prominent city No-amon. And after Persian leader Cambyses II attacked the city in 525 B.C.E., it slowly weakens and fell down by the Romans. Yes, there is nothing like the Bible because of its accurate prophecies. Therefore we can hold on on what it is saying about our future.


Promise That Will Come True 

         The first prophecy which stated in the Bible was written by Moses when the world power by that time is Egypt.* According to the prophecy in Genesis 3:15, God will give a “seed,” or a child birth, that will crush Satan and with its “seed” – those who follow the wickedness of Satan. (John 8:44; 1 John 3:8) It was proven that the first major “seed” of God was the Messiah, Jesus Christ. – Luke 2:9 – 14.

Christ will rule over the earth. He will remove all the wickedness and the injustice ruling of people. People will not rule over people for its injustice. (Eclessiastes 8:9) Not only that, like what Joshua did before, who lead Israel to the Promise Land, Jesus will also lead “the great crowd” of those who have fear in God into a perfect “Promise Land” – a clean out earth which will become a worldwide paradise. – Revelation 7:9, 10, 14, 17; Luke 23:43.

That most beautiful hope reminds us of another prophecy which was recorded in time of the ancient Egypt. According to the prophecy in Job 33:24, 25, God will save people even they are in “grave” or tomb, by means of resurrection. Yes, not only those who will be saved from the coming destruction of the wicked, millions of dead of today will be resurrected and will have chance to live forever in the Paradise earth. (Acts 24:15) “The tent of God is with people,” states in Revelation 21:3, 4. “He will wipe all tears from their eyes. There will be no more death, no more grief or crying pain.”

The accurate report of history of the topic and reliable prophecy will be continued in the followed article of this series. It will discuss the ancient Syria, the next in Egypt of the world power.

*The prophecy which was stated in Genesis 3:15 was told before by God in the Garden of Eden and was written down by Moses.


         In 1896, the archeologists discovered the so-called Merneptah Stela in one temple in Egypt for the dead. This is a black granite pillar and it can be seen here the actions of King Merneptah of Egypt, which was said to be ruling during the last years of 13th century B.C.E. It was engraved in the stela a hymn in which in a part of it says: “The Israel was fallen down by, its seed had disappeared.” This is the only discovered ancient record of Egypt which had assertion about Israel and the first assertion not only in the Bible.

The stela was made during the period of Judges in the Bible. This period of time can be read in the book of Judges in the Bible. However, unlike the reports about the pharaoh, of its success which were only stated, the book of Judges stated also both the success and fall of Israel. With regards with the fall, this is what said in Judges 2:11, 12: Then the people of Israel sinned against the LORD [Jehovah] and began to serve the Baals [the gods of Canaanites]. They stopped worshipping the LORD, the God of their ancestors, the God who had brought them of out of Egypt.” (TEV) This frankness of the writer can be seen in the whole Bible.

[For additional article about the Messiah see this link]


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3 Responses to “IS THE BIBLE TRUE? (PART 1)”

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